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Arthur Ashe


1943 Born July 10 in Richmond, Virginia
1950 Mother dies of complications from surgery
1957 Plays his first integrated event, becoming first African American to play in the Maryland boys' championships
1959 Debuts at U.S. National Championships
1963 First African American ever picked for U.S. Davis Cup team
1963 Debuts at Wimbledon
1964 First major grass-court title at Eastern Grass Court Championships
1965 Wins National Collegiate Athletic Association singles and doubles title
1966 Earns his bachelor of science degree in business administration from UCLA; inducted into Army
1968 As America's top-ranked amateur player, wins first of seven Davis Cups as member of U.S. team
1969 Wins U.S. Open and Davis Cup
1970 Wins Australian Open
1970 Lobbies to have South Africa expelled from International Lawn Tennis Federation; serves as U.S. Goodwill Ambassador to Africa
1973 First visit to South Africa; becomes first black professional to play in its national championships
1974 Elected President of Association of Tennis Professionals
1975 Wins World Champion Tennis Championships
1975 Wins Wimbledon
1975 Becomes top-ranked player in the world
1977 Weds photographer Jeanne Marie Moutoussamy
1978 Last tournament win of career, Pacific Southwest Championships in Los Angeles
1979 Suffers heart attack and undergoes quadruple-bypass surgery
1980 Retires from competitive tennis
1981-85 Named captain of U.S. Davis Cup team
1983 Undergoes second bypass surgery and receives blood transfusion
1985 Arrested in anti-apartheid demonstration outside South African embassy in Washington
1986 Daughter Camera is born in New York
1988 Hospitalized for bacterial infection, leading to HIV diagnosis
1991 Returns to South Africa with U.S. delegation as observer of political changes
1992 Arrested for demonstrating in front of White House on behalf of Haitian refugees
1992 Announces he has AIDS
1992 Founds Arthur Ashe Foundation for the Defeat of AIDS
1993 Dies of AIDS-related pneumonia on February 6
1996 Arthur Ashe monument erected in Richmond
1997 Main stadium at site of U.S. Open in New York City named Arthur Ashe Stadium

Additional topics

Famous Sports StarsTennisArthur Ashe Biography - Growing Up, Early Lessons, The Amateur Years, Chronology, Ranked Number One, Center Court